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法国海军总参谋长:中国海军水平超过我们想象
送交者:  2021年07月25日03:13:08 于 [世界军事论坛] 发送悄悄话

Admiral Vandier: "The level of the Chinese navy is beyond what we imagined" BY LAURENT LAGNEAU JULY 24, 2021 For a long time, China suffered from a huge in the field of submarines. And this for at least three reasons: the rupture with the Soviet Union, which put an end to all cooperation in this field, the Cultural Revolution, which sidelined many specialists, condemned as "intellectuals", and Chinese naval doctrine, which was then limited to coastal defense. A turning point was taken from the 1980s, when Beijing adopted the concept of "active defense of near seas", which subsequently evolved into a strategy of "operations in distant seas", the need to protect sea lanes. supply being imposed. And, with its territorial claims in the South China Sea, Beijing has since gone to great lengths to acquire first-rate naval forces, both in quantity and… quality. Until ten years ago, US Navy analysts believed that Chinese submarines could not pose a serious threat since they were "noisier" than their Russian counterparts built twenty years earlier. However, this estimate subsequently changed. In 2014, the commander of the American forces for the Indo-Pacific region, who was then Admiral Samuel Lockhlear, had indeed underlined the “significant” progress of China in the field of the submarines, affirming that it was on the point of having, for the first time, a “credible deterrent capacity at sea”. In France, Admiral Bernard Rogel, then Chief of Staff of the French Navy [CEMM], made the same observation. “For a long time, China was considered a regional player, without oceanic capacity. We must prepare to revise this judgment, and rather quickly, "he said during a parliamentary hearing in 2014." If the operational value of the first generation of Chinese nuclear attack submarines [SNA] , which dates from the 1980s, was considered to be very weak, it is quite different for the very recent Shang type ANSs which are credited with a remarkable level of acoustic discretion, ”he noted. This progress does not only concern submarines: China has also invested heavily in its surface fleet, notably with the type 052D “destroyer”, the type 055 cruiser [with 112 vertical launch cells], the ship type 075 amphibious assault and, of course, its two aircraft carriers [a third, equipped with catapults, is under construction]. Hence the observation made by Admiral Pierre Vandier, the current CEMM, during a recent hearing at the National Assembly. "The level of the Chinese navy is beyond what we imagined," he said, referring to the "Marianne" mission, during which the "Emerald" SNA and the Support and Assistance Building metropolitan [BSAM] "Seine" sailed in the East and South China Sea. “Following the Marianne mission, led by the SNA émeraude, we recalibrated our four-year-old model. The Chinese now have modern and good quality equipment. It remains to be seen, with our allies, their real military level. Are they really capable of conducting specialized operations? In any case, they now have the capacity to accompany with their corvettes and frigates, in each strait of the China Sea, the Western military ships which pass there ", affirmed Admiral Vandier. And, precisely, the Chinese navy does not deprive itself of using its capacities. “Each year, like a choke collar, we are under a little more pressure in this part of the world. The Chinese military presence is asserting itself more and more with harshness. From now on, as soon as we enter the China Sea, while we navigate in international maritime space, we are systematically escorted very closely by Chinese military ships. This year, we have been subjected to navigation constraints, like a passerby on a sidewalk who receives shocks from the shoulder and must deviate from his path, ”described the CEMM, for whom“ the approach that China in the area is increasingly territorializing ”. And to add: "China wants to change international rules, to get out of a state that does not suit it. At sea, its objective is clearly to extend its surface. This development will continue, unless a way is found to balance the strategic dialogue ”. Only, concluded Admiral Vandier, "if no one wants war but many want to change the balance, the question is therefore to know if we can change the balance without going to war" ...

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