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世界各国运输飞船运力比较
送交者: CA_maple 2017月04月21日08:58:06 于 [世界军事论坛] 发送悄悄话
回  答: 美国直播地址: 半小时后的天舟一号发射 古宇庙 于 2017-04-20 14:42:43
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Comparison of space station cargo vehicles

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A number of different spacecraft have been used to carry cargo to and from space stations.

Legend for below table:   [under development] — [retired,canceled] — [operational,inactive]

SpacecraftOriginManufacturerLaunch systemLength (m)Dry mass (kg)Launch mass (kg)Payload (kg)Payload volume (m³)Return payload (kg)Diameter (m)Generated power (W)Status
Progress 7K-TG Soviet UnionEnergiaSoyuz-U




None

Retired
TKS Soviet Union
Proton-K







Retired
Progress-M
11F615A55
Soviet Union
Russia
EnergiaSoyuz-U
Soyuz-U2
7.2
7,1302,6007.6150 with optional Raduga capsule2.72600[1]Retired
Progress-M1
RussiaEnergiaSoyuz-U
Soyuz-FG





None

Retired
Progress-M
11F615A60
RussiaEnergiaSoyuz-U
Soyuz-2.1a
7.2
7,1502,2307.6None2.72700Retired
Progress-MS RussiaEnergiaSoyuz-U
Soyuz-2.1a
7.2
7,1502,230



Operational[2]
ATV EuropeEADSAriane 5ES10.310,470[3]20,750[3]7,667[3]48 (pressurized)None4.53,800[4]Retired
Dragon USASpaceXFalcon 96.14,200[5]10,2003,310 pressurized or unpressurized, in any mixture[6]10.0 (pressurized), plus 14 (unpressurized), or 34 (unpressurized with extended trunk)[7]2,500 capsule return[8]3.72,000[9]Operational
Dragon V2 cargo USASpaceXFalcon 98.16,400
3,31010.0 (pressurized), plus 14 (unpressurized)2,5003.7
Development
HTV JapanJAXAH-IIB1010,500[10]16,500[10]4,500 pressurized, 1,500 unpressurized[10]14 (pressurized), plus 16 (unpressurized)[11]20 with optional capsule[12]4.4
Operational
HTV-X JapanJAXAH3 Launch Vehicle[13]


5,200 pressurized, 2,000 unpressurized[14]78[14]


Development
Cygnus (standard) USAOrbitalAntares 1xx5.141,500[15]
2,000[15]18.9[15]None3.073,500[16]Retired
Cygnus (enhanced) USAOrbital ATKAntares 230
Atlas V 401
6.341,800[17]
3,500[17]27[17]None3.07
Operational
Dream Chaser Cargo System USASierra Nevada CorporationAtlas V
Vulcan[18]



5,000 pressurized, 500 unpressurized[19]
1,750[19]

Development
Tianzhou China
Long March 79
13,5006,500 includes 2,000 propellant

3.35
Operational
Unmanned resupply spacecraft comparison.png
See alsoEdit
ReferencesEdit
  1. ^ "Progress M". Archived from the original on 3 August 2009. Retrieved 29 May 2012.

  2. ^ "Upgraded Progress MS docks with the ISS". NASASpaceflight.com. 23 December 2015. Retrieved 26 December 2015.

  3. ^ a b c "ESA Automated Transfer Vehicle". ESA. Retrieved 7 August 2013.

  4. ^ "ATV Utilization Relevant Data" (PDF). Retrieved 29 May 2012.

  5. ^ "SpaceX Brochure v7" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 20 March 2012. Retrieved 29 May 2012.

  6. ^ Bergin, Chris (19 October 2012). "Dragon enjoying ISS stay, despite minor issues – Falcon 9 investigation begins". NASASpaceflight.com. Retrieved 21 October 2012. CRS-2 will debut the use of Dragon’s Trunk section, capable of delivering unpressurized cargo, prior to the payload being removed by the ISS’ robotic assets after berthing.

  7. ^ http://www.spacex.com/sites/spacex/files/pdf/DragonLabFactSheet.pdf

  8. ^ http://www.nasaspaceflight.com/2012/10/falcon-9loft-dragon-crs-1-mission-iss-attempt1/

  9. ^ "Dragonlab Datasheet" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 4 January 2011. Retrieved 29 May 2012.

  10. ^ a b c "JAXA H-II Transfer Vehicle (HTV) Overview". JAXA. Retrieved 7 August 2013.

  11. ^ "JAXA H-II Transfer Vehicle (HTV)" (PDF). NASA. Retrieved 10 January 2014.

  12. ^ "HTV 搭載小型回収カプセルの開発" (PDF) (in Japanese). Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency. 12 November 2014. Retrieved 2016-10-21.

  13. ^ "H3,H㊣IA/Bのミッション割当て(案)" (PDF) (in Japanese). MEXT. 8 March 2016. Retrieved 2016-03-10.

  14. ^ a b "HTV-Xの開発状況について" (PDF) (in Japanese). Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency. 14 July 2016. Retrieved 2016-07-15.

  15. ^ a b c "Cygnus Fast Sheet" (PDF). Orbital Sciences Co. Retrieved 7 August 2013.

  16. ^ "The Annual Compendium of Commercial Space Transportation: 2012" (PDF). Federal Aviation Administration. February 2012. Retrieved 8 February 2013.

  17. ^ a b c "Cygnus Spacecraft Information". Spaceflight101.

  18. ^ "NSRC Day 2 Summary". Parabolic Arc. Retrieved 6 June 2016.

  19. ^ a b "Sierra Nevada Hopes Dream Chaser Finds "Sweet Spot" of ISS Cargo Competition". SpaceNews. Retrieved 20 February 2016.

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